SAFETY/HOW TO LIGHT A FIRE
Directions for Lighting a Fire in a Fireplace:
Laying an anthracite or log fire:
Choosing the correct fuel:
lighting the fire, open a window or ventilator on the windward side
slightly to pressurise the room, ensuring that the fireplace will not
smoke and to provide sufficient air for combustion.
- Place two or
three layers of paper balls on the grate. These are made by scrunching
up individual sheets of old newspaper into ball shapes.
some kindling (dry and finely cut small pieces and splinters of wood) or
fragments of wax and paraffin fire lighters at random on top of the
- Pile one or two layers of anthracite or slightly larger pieces of wood on top of the paper balls. Don't pack to tight.
the damper to maximise the intake of air from the room. Once the fire
is well on its way it is usually best to close the damper partially so
as to reduce the amount of heat escaping up the chimney.
- Light the paper balls in three of four randomly spaced places.
assist the burning paper in heating up and igniting the coals or logs,
you can use fire bellows (which increases the amount of oxygen required
for the combustion process).
- Once the fire is lit, gradually add
more layers of anthracite or larger logs, taking care not to apply too
much too soon, or you will dampen down the fire and possibly extinguish
- When further refueling is required it may be necessary to open the damper again.
dry, seasoned wood. The moisture content of wood directly affects the
way the appliance operates. Well seasoned dry wood (cut, split and
stacked under cover for at least 12 months) will give best results and
- Wet or green wood not only creates more work for
you due to the increased weight when carrying it, but most importantly
will not burn efficiently. You will receive less heat from wet/green
wood as energy is used to evaporate the moisture from the wood.
seasoned wood should contain 12% to 22% moisture. Wood with a moisture
content of more than 22% will require a great deal more air to light,
heat output will be cut dramatically, and soot and creosote will build
up in your flue system. In addition, you may have smoke warting back
into the room. If you hear your wood sizzle or you can see moisture
bubbling from the ends of the logs placed on a hot fire, your wood is
- If the fuel you are burning tends to splatter, the use
of a fire screen is recommended. Low grade anthracite tends to splatter a
lot. Use only high grade anthracite and use large nuts of anthracite or
- Never use wood of the pine family. Pine contains a very
high amount of resin. This can cause dangerous soot build-up and which
can overheat your fireplace.
- You may use anthracite in your
fireplace. Buy the best grade of anthracite in order to prevent
splattering and to produce more heat.
- Do NOT use coal or briquettes.